Tuesday, June 6, 2017

What Causes Hip Bursitis and How is it Treated?

Bursitis is a term used to describe inflammation of joint cushioning, fluid-filled sacs known as bursae. The four most common joints that develop bursitis are the elbow, shoulder, knee, and hip. For the purposes of this article, we’ll discuss hip bursitis—specifically, what causes it and how it can be effectively treated.

Hip Anatomy

The hip is a ball and socket joint composed of the head of the leg bone (femur) and acetabulum of the hip. Regarding bursitis, two bursae are important. The first, and most commonly affected, is the greater trochanteric bursa and the second is the iliopsoas bursa.

Illustration 1- Greater trochanteric bursitis is the most common form of hip bursitis.

Causes of Hip Bursitis

Overuse is the most common causes of hip bursitis. When the hip is stressed due to excess training, exercise, or physical activity, the bursa(e) can become irritated and inflamed, resulting in bursitis. Other causes of hip bursitis are:

1.    Anatomic abnormalities. A difference in leg length can result in excess stress being placed on the hip joints. Spinal abnormalities, such as scoliosis and arthritis, can also stress the joints in a similar manner.

2.    An accident. Falls, bumps, and motor vehicle accidents can injure the lower extremity and facilitate hip bursitis.

Regardless of the cause, individual cases of bursitis are (generally) treated the same way.

Treatments for Hip Bursitis

Any, or any combination, of the following treatment options can be prescribed:

1.    Activity modification. Stopping or modifying the activity that is causing the condition typically reduces inflammation.

2.    Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications (NSAIDS). These oral medications reduce pain and decrease inflammation.

3.    Physical therapy. Stretching and strengthening exercises are used to increase hip stability and function. Pain, inflammation and the chances of reoccurring bursitis are decreased.

4.    Steroid injections. Fast acting pain relief is afforded through the use of steroid injections. Injections can be given in three-month increments depending on the severity of bursitis and associated symptoms.

Because they’re trained to handle joint related injuries and conditions, orthopedic specialists are the go-to medical professional to treat hip bursitis.

Arranging an Appointment for Hip Bursitis

If you can relate to the information in this article, please don’t hesitate to contact our offices in St. Peters or O'Fallon, MO. One of our specialists will accurately diagnose and effectively treat your injury/condition. Give us a call and we’ll get you in ASAP.

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