Friday, January 22, 2016

What is PRP Therapy and How Does It Help Recovery From Injuries?

A sports or overuse injury can be devastating to anyone, whether you are an elite athlete or the
weekend warrior.  The most common types of sports injuries are those involving the tendons, muscles, and ligaments and recovery time can last anywhere from a few weeks to several months.  Typical treatments for sports injuries include medications, physical therapy, and sometimes surgery; however, PRP injections, or platelet-rich plasma, is a new treatment in sports medicine and can help speed the healing and recovery process. 

What is Platelet-Rich Plasma (PRP)?
Plasma is blood and a liquid; however, it contains solid components such as red and white blood cells and platelets.  Platelets are known for their clotting function, but they also have hundreds of growth factor proteins within them that help with healing.  PRP has a protein concentration that is 5 to 10 times higher than what is found in normal blood.  PRP is a natural treatment and comes from the patient’s own body.  The blood is drawn, platelets are separated from the other cells, and then their concentration is increased through a process called centrifugation.  These highly concentrated platelets are then put back into the blood, which is then used as an injection.

How Does PRP Work?
Laboratory evaluations of the platelet-rich plasma suggests that the additional growth factors are responsible for the speedy recovery doctors have seen in their patients after the injection.  In many cases, PRP injections are used in combination with physical therapy to ensure optimal healing of the initial injury as well as strengthening of the afflicted area.

What Sports Injuries Benefit the Most from PRP?
As of right now, the greatest benefits have been seen in chronic tendon injuries such as tennis elbow, and acute muscle and ligament injuries such as a pulled hamstring and knee sprain.  However, PRP for the treatment of Achilles tendonitis, postsurgical healing, knee arthritis, and fractures has also been shown to be beneficial.  If you are suffering a chronic injury, PRP injections may provide an alternative to a surgical procedure. 

Many people are candidates for PRP therapy, especially people who are not surgical candidates. Learn more about this exciting technique below, and schedule a consultation in St. Peters or O'Fallon with Dr. Larkin to see if you are a candidate. Call our appointment line at (636) 229-4222 or request one online.

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